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advantages of integrated fish farming

For a hectare of the water pond, you may need 50 to 55 goats or sheep for integrated farming. Utilising the by-products of one component of the farming system as an input in other for ensuring supplementary and complementary enterprise relationship 4. The pond should be near flood prone area. Both ‘broilers’ and ‘layers’ variety of chicken can be raised for fish-poultry farming. Recently, controversy has arisen among scientists on the public health aspects of integrated farming. The average production of faeces and urine per pig is about 7.8-8 tons per annum. Although integrated farming is economically and environmentally sound, the motivation for integration will support the … 2. • It is clear that integrated livestock fish farming systems are mainly concentrated in Asia. 4. Ponds provide a clean and healthy environment for ducks. This problem can be solved with proper maintenance. This culture involves higher inputs including labour. However, there is no conclusive evidence that integrated farming can become a public health hazard. In Japan, for example, cattle, pigs, and chicken produce more than 70 × 10 6 t/year of waste material. (4) It increases nutritional source for the farmer’s family. Poultry excreta is most popular food for fish, which contains highly soluble organic salts, nitrogen, phosphorus. (6) It increases the income of rural population. The usual floor space allotted for each bird is 20 x 30 x 40 cm. Fishes are divided into three types depending on their feeding nature: Indigenous and exotic species are recommended for integrated fish farming. For fish raising the ponds are stocked with fingerlings of catla, silver carp, common carp, murrels, tilapia, giant freshwater prawns, etc. Under this system fish production is reported to be almost equal to the free-range system. (2) Through this adequate water level manage­ment, suitable water temperature and dissolved oxygen content can be maintained. At the end of twelve months of fish-cum-poultry culture, fish yield of over 3900 kg per hectare can be normally obtained along with 42,000 eggs and 200 culled birds. Integrated fish farming is based on the concept that ‘there is no waste’, and waste is only a misplaced resource which can become a valuable material for another product (FAO, 1977). There are two basic ways of keeping ducks in fish ponds: Here the ducks are allowed to have free access to the whole pond (Fig. (7) It is a means of land reclamation in certain areas. As integrated farming involves the recycling of wastes, it has been considered an econo­mic and efficient means of environmental manage­ment. Lime helps in maintaining pH helps levels which increase the capability to kill and decompose parasites. The growth of fish is very low in winter and summer. In such an act, fishes themselves do not play any role. The weeding can be done regularly. Submit a Comment Cancel reply. Such suitable strains when used, approximately 50-60 per cent of their droppings when falls into the pond, is sufficient to fertilise the water. An aspect of aquaculture is the integration of fish farming with livestock production and farming of agricultural crops, including vegetable farming. For safety measures, pig-poultry combinations in integrated fish culture should thus be avoided. Your Name. (2) While foraging for food, ducks sometimes damages the earthen dykes. This article gives you detailed information about the integrated farming system. (3) It increases employment opportunities. (2) Sufficient time should be given from one sto­cking of chicks to the next for renovation of the house and disinfectioning it. Regular harvesting is done which results in thinning of the stock, leading to better growth rate and harvesting of larger shrimps. If the house is constructed near the pond we should make a channel to divert animal waste to the pond. Fishes are harvested after 12 months of the stocking. Alternatively the pig manure may be kept in a heap on the pond embankment for later use. This cuts down the expenditure of rearing fishes. For a profitable duck farming, you need 220 to 240 eggs per duck for this on an average of 250 ducks should be farmed in a hectare. (2) No supplementary fish feed is required. The fish caught in the wild can’t always fulfill the consumer’s demand. (3) The cost of feed for the ducks gets reduced. According to the demand, commercial fish farming business allows for large supplies of fish. Livestock excreta is a good source of Nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium and micronutrients. Fish cultivation promotes better paddy production by way of exercising an effective control on unwanted weeds, mol­luscs, noxious insects and their larval stages. The chemical composition of pig wastes is depicted in Table 6.13. The excreta production depends upon the animal, weight, feed and their body sizes. Advantages of Integrated Fish Farming. In integrated farming, the basic principles involve the utilisation of the synergetic effects of inter-related farm activities and the conservation, including the full utilisation of farm wastes. Welcome to NotesOnZoology.com! Here ducks are stocked at a much higher density, approximately 1000-2500 per hectare of pond surface and is usually employed in Africa. Fish farming, like other types of farming, offers a plethora of benefits that can help and the environment 1. In general, fishes are stocked not earlier than 5 days after transplantation of paddy seedlings, so as to enable the seedlings to form proper root. There are many advantages of starting commercial fish farming business. The pond should have a constant supply of fresh water throughout the year. These and the foliage of other terrestrial plants (vegetables, rice, corn, etc.) If this excreta is not disposed, the environment becomes polluted and people's … Three major types of paddy-field aquaculture are generally practiced: (i) Simultaneous or combined or synchronous farming. By increase productivity means that economic yield increases per unit area per unit by time due to intensification of crop and allied farming enterprises. In case of insufficient pH, you can add lime to maintain the level. In case of composite fish farming, more than 3 varieties of fishes are stocked depending on availability of fingerlings in the market. Some of the droppings of the duck falls directly into the pond water, while the rest that drops on land is washed down into the pond. Generally organic manures are preferred over the use of fertilisers in the preparation of the paddy-fields. In a hectare of fish pond 500 to 600 birds and on an average of 60 kg manure is required per day. For duck and fish integrated farming the housing should be constructed above the water so that excreta directly go to water. The low feeding cost per individual bird makes poultry farming along with fish, a common investment for poor farmers. By this process, natural stocking of shrimp larvae is done at every high tide for two to three months. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Rice fields which are water-logged for 3-8 months in a year, there is always small population of fishes that gain access to such waters. Mixed farming of both fishes and livestock like ducks, poultry, cattle, sheep’s, buffalo, rabbits under one roof is called integrated farming. The main advantage of integrated farming is the use of livestock farm wastes. The most intensive type of poultry production is the battery type of housing, which is installed by the side of the pond. The sludge that remains is utilised as fertili­sers in agriculture. Integrated farming is a step closer to sustainable agriculture. It also fertilises the pond water. Intensification of crops growth maximizes income in relation to area, time and efforts. In addition to fish yield, production of milk from cattle and beef adds to the economy. 6.43). Benefits of Integrated Farming System Enhanced Productivity is one of the most important benefits of integrated farming system. It is assumed that all the constituents of the system would benefit from such a combination. 2. Due to presence of pis­civorous birds like herons, cormorants, etc., consi­derable loss of fish (20-60%) takes place. Advantages of Fish Farming Business. Repeated netting help to remove unwanted fishes. Supply and Demand . Advantages of deep learning ... Smart fish farming refers to a new scientific field whose objective is to optimize the efficient use of resources and promote sustainable development in aquaculture through deeply integrating the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other modern information technologies. Mulberry plants are raised on the dikes of the fish farm and in the neighbouring fields for silkworm production. Polyculture is commonly prac­tised in such integrated farming due to the variety of food that becomes available in the pond. Such farming system increases production to meet the demands of Nigerians. It has gained momentum as a viable method to produce seafood commodities as the demand for fresh fish has put a strain on natural populations. (3) Pig dung contains about 70 per cent digestible feed for fishes. The advantages are given below-The commercial fish farming business can provide a large amount of fish. (4) The ducks help to eradicate vectors of fish pathogenic organisms and water borne diseases — causing organisms infecting man, as they feed on a variety of organisms such as weeds, snails, unwanted harmful insects and their larvae, tadpole, frog, etc. Rice … In poly culture, crops are grown using several different methods such as crop rotation, inter-cropping, alley cropping, multi-cropping, and companion planting. The species of fishes that have a good market and have nature to efficient utilizer of phyto and zooplankton and also with macrophytic feeding are best for integrated farming. Fish farming can be integrated into the existing farm to create additional income and improve its water management. Jagdish Reddy. (2) Fishes contribute to the enhancement of paddy production by destroying weeds, causing tillering and mineral enrichment by their digging activity, and for the fertilisation of soil by their excrement and also by the unutilised artificial feed. For such a cultivation the farm should have addi­tional holding or rearing facilities for the period between paddy harvesting and planting of new fish seedlings. Fishes having the following criteria are generally selected for paddy-cum-fish culture: (1) Fishes that can adapt to shallow waters neces­sary for paddy crops. Unwanted fishes can also be removed by applying bleaching powder or ammonia etc. Cattle wastes are generally collected in a pit for later use. Advantages 4. (2) The water in the field is to be maintained at a desired level. This question has been answered by me and several others several times. Tag: Advantages Of Integrated Fish Farming. Grass carp is herbivorous cover surface, column and marginal area of feeding zone. After transplantation of paddy, stocking in case of fry should be done after 10 days, while for fingerlings after 3 weeks. (1) Addition of too much pig manure may lead to increased nutrient load resulting in pollution of the water body and mortality of the fishes. Integrated farming is becoming popular for its maximum output. Duck eats all the parasites and mosquito tadpole which lie on the water. In integrated fish farming with pig, the ‘pig dung’ is useful for conditioning the soil and providing the necessary nutrients required for fertilising the pond water. The problem can be solved with proper maintenance. One of the major advantages of this farming technique is that the crop yield is high. (1) The water depth being shallow hinders better fish raising. In one hectare pond area, when stocked with 5000 giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) and 1500 silver carp, and cultured for a period of four months, one can harvest 600 kg of prawns and an equal amount of fish, along with 250 culled birds. 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Tanks for human consumption intensive type of method is usually employed in different coun­tries on paddy-field.. Fish is very low in winter and summer seasons integrated succes­sfully kg advantages of integrated fish farming.... Being hurt or hounded by dangerous wild animals to 4 split doses fishes which a! By increase productivity means that economic yield increases per unit area of feeding zone for grass carp is cover... Water body needs to just five cattle/buffalos are enough for fish farming is mutually beneficial family owned,.

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