Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia. It is native to eastern and central North America south to Mexico. Unlike many vines, these tendrils will not penetrate the surface of the masonry which can be detrimental to the structure. It occurs statewide in Missouri, typically being located in open areas of ravines, valleys, rich woods, thickets, rocky bluffs, hillsides and fencerows (Steyermark). Emerging bronze, purplish in spring, they mature to dull green in summer and change to brilliant shades of burgundy and crimson red in the fall. The tendrils of Virginia creeper are tipped with adhesive-like disks that gives the vine the ability of cementing itself to surfaces. Life cycle: deciduous, woody vine. This is a native vine. Virginia Creeper and Woodbine (Parthenocissus inserta or P. vitacea) are often treated as one species, the names interchangeable, but they are indeed different with a couple obvious distinctions and several subtle differences. Growth habit: stems trailing or climbing by tendrils with adhesive discs; leaves alternate, palmately compound, usually 5 leaflets but sometimes 3 or 7, football to egg-shaped, margins toothed; often mistaken for poison ivy which has 3 leaflets and climbs by aerial roots Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a climbing vine that can provide fall color. It is one of the earliest vines to color in the fall. Noteworthy Characteristics. Learn how to grow it and keep it under control. Parthenocissus quinquefolia is a deciduous, woody vine that is commonly called Virginia creeper or woodbine. Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia Creeper) is a vigorous, fast-growing, deciduous climber boasting compound-palmate leaves adorned with 5 ovate leaflets.
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